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中国暗夜公园建设:基于全球自然保护地暗夜研究的思考

朱安妮 周婷 钟永德

朱安妮, 周婷, 钟永德. 中国暗夜公园建设:基于全球自然保护地暗夜研究的思考[J]. 自然保护地,2021,1(1):42−51 doi:  10.12335/2096-8981.2020120702
引用本文: 朱安妮, 周婷, 钟永德. 中国暗夜公园建设:基于全球自然保护地暗夜研究的思考[J]. 自然保护地,2021,1(1):42−51 doi:  10.12335/2096-8981.2020120702
ZHU Anni, ZHOU Ting, ZHONG Yongde. Development of Dark Night Park in China: Thinking on the Study of Dark Night in Global Natural Protected Areas[J]. Natural Protected Areas, 2021, 1(1): 42−51 doi:  10.12335/2096-8981.2020120702
Citation: ZHU Anni, ZHOU Ting, ZHONG Yongde. Development of Dark Night Park in China: Thinking on the Study of Dark Night in Global Natural Protected Areas[J]. Natural Protected Areas, 2021, 1(1): 42−51 doi:  10.12335/2096-8981.2020120702

中国暗夜公园建设:基于全球自然保护地暗夜研究的思考

doi: 10.12335/2096-8981.2020120702
基金项目: 乡土植物景观营造中的乡土植物选择(2019YFD1100404)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    E-mail:ade@csuft.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: F592.7

Development of Dark Night Park in China: Thinking on the Study of Dark Night in Global Natural Protected Areas

  • 摘要: 以Web of Science(WoS)和中国知网(CNKI)搜集的633篇暗夜文献为研究对象,进行机构及国家合作网络、突现词分析以及关键词时区分析。研究发现,全球暗夜保护研究可分为平稳阶段(1999—2011年)和快速发展阶段(2011—2020年)两个发展阶段;研究领域和特征表现为暗夜公园、亮度测量、暗夜保护、光污染4大主流领域及国际合作与本土化并重、关注暗夜资源的旅游吸引力和强调人与暗夜星空的互动作用3个特征。研究认为,中国暗夜公园建设需要生态规划与环境教育并行、可持续旅游与社区发展结合、空间途径与程序途径并举。研究结论特别强调:1)以国家公园为主体的自然保护地体系建设需要关注暗夜星空等无形资源的保护;2)暗夜公园的规划建设是实现自然保护地暗夜保护的有效途径;3)暗夜公园的建设需要在知识积累、建设内容、建设方式和建设途径上综合考虑。
  • 图  1  暗夜研究期刊文献数量变化趋势

    Figure  1.  Variation tendency of the quantity of literatures in dark sky research domain

    图  2  机构合作网络(左)和国家合作网络(右)

    Figure  2.  Cooperation network between institutions (left) and countries (right)

    图  3  关键词突现

    Figure  3.  Keywords with the strongest citation bursts

    图  4  主题时区

    Figure  4.  Timeline review

    图  5  基于暗夜研究的暗夜公园建设内容

    Figure  5.  Construction content of night park based on night sky study

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-12-07
  • 修回日期:  2021-01-29
  • 刊出日期:  2021-02-25

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